Analecto

5 de setembro de 2019

What I learned from reading “Childhood sexual experiences with an older partner among men who have sex with men in Buenos Aires, Argentina”.

Filed under: Saúde e bem-estar — Tags:, , — Alma @ 15:19

“Childhood sexual experiences with an older partner among men who have sex with men in Buenos Aires, Argentina” was written by Curtis Dolezal, Alex Carballo-Diéguez, Iván C. Balán, María A. Pando, Marina Mabragaña, Rubén Marone, Victoria Barreda and Maria M. Avila. Below, what I learned by reading their text.

  1. The aim of the study is to evaluate early sexual experiences with older partners in an Argentine population.
  2. Experiences of interest to the researchers were manual, oral, genital, or anal contacts, provided the participating subject was 13 or younger at the time when the experience occurred and provided the partner was at least four years older than the subject.
  3. In a sample of 500 participants, 18% had such experiences.
  4. Most subjects who had early sexual experiences with older partners do not consider the experience to be negative or abusive.
  5. Two-thirds of the participants had such experiences with women.
  6. Among those who had their sexual experience with women, only 4% consider the experience to be child sexual abuse.
  7. Among those who had their sexual experience with men, 44% consider the experience to be child sexual abuse.
  8. It is easier for the child or adolescent to consider the experience abusive if it has been objectively violent or painful, either physically or emotionally.
  9. It follows that the peaceful and voluntary experience is unlikely to be remembered as abusive.
  10. Specifically in this sample, there is no correlation between early sexual experiences and risk of lifetime contamination with HIV.
  11. Those who had early sexual experiences with a man reported use of force or threats more often than those who had such experiences with women.
  12. The study defines “child sexual abuse” as the early sexual experience in which the child or adolescent felt physically or emotionally harmed by his or her older partner.
  13. Homosexual participants more often reported unwanted sexual contact in childhood or adolescence and more often reported rape (unwanted carnal conjunction ) than heterosexual participants.
  14. Child sexual abuse (unwanted sexual experience during childhood or adolescence) is associated with adult functioning problems.
  15. One such problem is the contraction of risky sexual behaviors.
  16. But association is not the same as causality: a lot of children who have actually been abused do not develop any negative symptoms throughout their lives (which does not make such abuses acceptable).
  17. In addition, if the sexual experience has been peaceful and voluntary, the subject is unlikely to develop any negative symptoms in adulthood.
  18. The correlation between psychological problems and early sexual experiences is strong only among the subjects who were forced into such experiences.
  19. Violence may or may not occur in such experiences.
  20. Culture can also influence the evaluation of such child sexual experiences: some of these experiences are seen as games in Brazil.
  21. There are few studies on the effect of Latin American culture on the evaluation of an early sexual experience.
  22. In this sample, most of these relationships occurred outside the family.
  23. The average age for the youngest was 10 years and the average age for the oldest partner was 20 years.
  24. One participant told the researcher that he had a thousand times of sexual contacts with his partner in childhood and adolescence, and told the researcher other things that suggested he was highly sexually active at a vulnerable age.
  25. Half of the subjects who had early sexual experience had oral contact; most had manual contact.
  26. All participants who, in childhood or adolescence, had a relationship with an older woman claim to have penetrated her.
  27. 84% of those who have had experiences with older men claim to have been penetrated.
  28. 18% consider their early sexual experiences to be abusive and most deny being forced, threatened or injured.
  29. Those who had sexual contacts with women were, on average, older than those who had sexual contacts with men.
  30. Apart from the Chad who had one thousand sexual contacts with his partner, four other participants reported having between one hundred and two hundred sexual contacts with an older partner, but most participants reported ten or less.
  31. The woman is less likely to force the boy into a sexual contact.
  32. Each country has its definition of “abuse”: what people in the US call “abuse” may not receive that same treatment in Brazil.
  33. It is more difficult to regard the experience as abuse if the older partner is a woman: when a boy has a sexual contact with a woman, he has had heterosexual contact, free from the stigma of homosexuality.
  34. Such stigma increases the chances of the child or adolescent regarding the experience as negative: a precocious homosexual contact may still be regarded as negative even in the absence of pain or coercion.
  35. Majority of the subjects was not traumatized by their experience.
  36. The fact that something is infrequent does not mean that it is a minor problem: we must not stop combating sexual violence against children and adolescents just because violent experiences are not as frequent as peaceful ones.
  37. The fact that people who had sexual contact in childhood or adolescence in countries where such a thing is taboo suffer more than people who have had the same experiences in places where it is not taboo (or where disapproval is smaller) shows that disapproval of such behavior can have a role in forming negative symptoms.
  38. This study uses a relatively new method (respondent-driven sampling), so care must be taken when generalizing these data.
  39. In South America, it seems that people who have sex with men may still consider themselves heterosexual.
  40. Not every libidinous act before the age of fourteen should be considered rape: early sexual experiences are not uniformly negative and can be arranged in a positive to negative spectrum.

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