6 de fevereiro de 2019

I’m a communist (not really).

Filed under: Notícias e política — Tags:, , — Yurinho @ 23:50

So I was watching some videos on Youtube and found an interesting one by a philosopher with a complicated name.

Summarizing what he says, Steve Bannon, the guy who wants to set up an international conservative right movement, does it by giving people something to fear, even if it is an imaginary danger. The protection could be provided by the right, making conservative solutions more palatable. In European xenophobic countries, for example, this danger would be the foreigner, the immigrant. The far right won here in Brazil, and our personal enemy is communism. First, there is no communism in Brazil. I think even the people on the left do not believe in the possibility of implementing a communist regime in Brazil. Not because it would be impossible (because it is possible), but because it would be impossible with the current world setup to be a communist country while also being capable of maintaining the level of comfort. The big motifs of the elections were “do not let Brazil become a Venezuela” or “Brazil will not be a new Cuba” or “the flag will never be red”. Now that we have a right-wing president and, one month later, people are already wanting to kick him out, a good idea to thwart Bannon’s plans for Brazil would be the revitalization of aesthetic communism.

You see, Bannon’s idea, at least according to the video, is to associate all that is left-wing with communism, that invisible enemy (because it is not there), which, being “invisible”, can be anywhere and everywhere. This was supposed to keep the liberals weak and low, because, identified with communism, they have become the enemy. But the Brazilian left is not Communist. Now, if something can be called “communism” without actually being so, why do not we label as “communism” the good things too? An idea doesn’t need to be really communist, in the correct sense of the word. It just needs the label. Example: Pension reform is undesirable for most Brazilians. Now, to be against pension reform is to be communist, not that it is bad. Another: legalization of firearms possession is undesired by most Brazilians. But to be against firearms is to be communist at the same time as it is a peaceful position. If all that Bolsonaro hates is communist just because he hates it, any position contrary to Bolsonaro’s positions is a communist position, even when the so-called “communists” have a point. The idea is to revitalize the word, not its content, to show the “communist” opinions (everything that is against Bolsonaro) as being palatable. This disarms Bannon’s idea that communism is the enemy and he will have to find something else to stigmatize the left and the process can be repeated with this “new enemy.”

It is not a question of converting to communism, but a question of labeling as “communism” any sensible and clearly beneficial position that stands against the designs of the right-wing, even if such position is not actually a communist position. If the enemy proves to be better than the ally, then the ally becomes an enemy.

28 de janeiro de 2019

What I learned reading “Manifesto of the Communist Party”.

Filed under: Livros — Tags:, , — Yurinho @ 17:25

“Manifesto of the Communist Party” was written by Marx and Engels. Below, what I learned by reading their text.

  1. When people accuse each other of being communists, it is time for a real Communist to come up and explain what communism is.

  2. “Communist” is often used pejoratively.

  3. There are two classes that fight each other in all historical stages: oppressors and oppressed.

  4. This war always culminates in one of two ways: the two die or society changes paradigm.

  5. The industry has made primitive manufacturing obsolete.

  6. The freedoms earned with effort can be sacrificed in the name of freedom of trade.

  7. Bourgeois oppression subjugates personal talents by the power of wages.

  8. The existence of the bourgeoisie depends on the advance of the means and the relations of production.

  9. The advance of the bourgeoisie can no longer recede: we can’t go back to how things were before that, nor we would want to.

  10. We now need things produced in other countries; we can no longer maintain our level of comfort with only the things we produce in our country.

  11. “Intellectual possessions” are also subject to export and import.

  12. The advancement of the bourgeois way of life makes the richer and more powerful nations subjugate the weakest culturally.

  13. Such subjugation unifies territories.

  14. The good side of the bourgeois way of life was an unprecedented technological advance.

  15. The bourgeois class began to rise when the forces of production surpassed the capacity of the old feudal system.

  16. Their ascension, then, is due to the lack of freedom in an old system and the increasing demand for freedom.

  17. The excessively rapid growth of the forces of production, however, enable overproduction .

  18. It seems that the end of capitalism will be a natural event because crises of overproduction grow in intensity.

  19. Eventually, we will enter into an economic crisis without being able to overcome it.

  20. The worker is also merchandise: in effect, you have a price.

  21. A lot of people live to work.

  22. When the means of production evolves, some jobs are less demanded.

  23. If you are fighting someone, do not attack that person’s enemies.

  24. Victory does not last forever: it needs to be maintained and can only be maintained at great cost.

  25. Each victory brings the warriors together (in this case, workers).

  26. A workers’ party will only succeed if the workers stop competing with each other.

  27. One should never stop fighting for rights if the rights are insufficient.

  28. The elite are not always in agreement with each other and this is an advantage for the masses.

  29. If one side of the elite wants to overcome the other, that side needs help from the common people: whoever convinces the most ordinary people wins .

  30. A worker is the same anywhere in the world: he can earn more, he can earn less, but he is always exploited.

  31. A revolution made by the working class is a revolution made by the majority, which would be unique.

  32. Workers must destroy the elite.

  33. The elite needs the workers, so it gives them livelihoods, but do workers need the elite?

  34. Disarming workers requires wage manipulation: if those who are more aligned to the status quo are the ones who earn better wages, workers will be less inclined to dissent.

  35. However, if workers come together in groups claiming a raise for everyone, it becomes more difficult to employ that strategy.

  36. Not every worker is a communist .

  37. Communism has no mentors … or, at least, it should not have: its theoretical referential are the workers themselves who decide the agenda together.

  38. Private property must be abolished.

  39. The minimum wage is called “minimum” because it is just enough to keep you alive and working.

  40. If the minimum wage increases, it is because the cost of living has also increased.

  41. On the other hand, it is possible to increase the minimum wage without an increase in the living costs, but this allows traders to raise prices.

  42. Raising the minimum wage also increases the living cost: you can not have comfort by just earning a minimum wage unless your cost of living is especially low (as is the case with single men).

  43. The less you earn, the more you feel like you need your job: you will do whatever the boss says just to stay in the job, even at the cost of personal dignity.

  44. When someone says that something will bring more freedom, ask yourself “freedom for who?”.

  45. The freedom of the elite is the freedom for buying and selling.

  46. Thus the freedom of the elite has nothing to do with the freedom of us, people.

  47. In communism, what you produce is yours.

  48. It is possible to earn money without working .

  49. If there are no bosses, people will work for themselves.

  50. The family must be abolished .

  51. The family favors child exploitation by the parents themselves.

  52. They say that communism wants to destroy family education, but family education has already been destroyed when the elite invented school and childhood, making education a responsibility of the state.

  53. What’s the use of marriage?

  54. Freedom to have sex to anyone who agrees, as long as it’s healthy.

  55. Anyone can be a cuck, even in the elite.

  56. The woman does not belong to anyone.

  57. A lot of rich people are cucks.

  58. There is no need to “sell your body “, prostitution does not exist in communism.

  59. Communism has no “homeland”.

  60. Workers are one nation in all territories.

  61. The dominant ideas are those of the elite: our concept of right and wrong, for example, is imposed from above.

  62. The elite wants one intellectual to compete with another, rather than working together.

  63. Children should not work in factories, but they can produce through safer means.

  64. The child must learn normal curricular content, but must learn, along with this curriculum or as part of it, a profession.
  65. If political struggle is not possible at the moment, fight at least in the intellectual field.

  66. Socialism can be reactionary as well.

  67. When you read a book from another country, keep in mind that bringing the book to Brazil does not mean bringing the country of origin with the book: a political analysis about the France does not apply to Brazil.

  68. Human aspirations do not necessarily coincide with the aspirations of a class.

  69. Do not bet everything if you have nothing to win.

  70. There are socialists in the elite as well.

  71. The only thing the state should do is to manage the collective production.

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