8 de setembro de 2019

What I learned from reading “Recalled Sexual Experiences in Childhood with Older Partners: A Study of Brazilian Men Who Have Sex with Men and Male-to-Female Transgender Persons.”

Filed under: Saúde e bem-estar — Tags:, , — Yure @ 15:02

“Recalled Sexual Experiences in Childhood with Older Partners: A Study of Brazilian Men Who Have Sex with Men and Male-to-Female Transgender Persons” was written by Alex Carballo-Diéguez, Ivan Balan, Curtis Dolezal, and Maeve B. Mello. Below, what I learned reading this text.

  1. The aim of the study is to verify the frequency of occurrence of sexual relationships between boy or transgender with older partner in the Campinas region and to verify if such experiences are related to risky sexual behavior in adulthood.
  2. The method used involves the use of a questionnaire and an HIV test.
  3. Among the participants (575), 85% were boys or cisgender men and 15% were males (biologically) who did not identify as men.
  4. Among the participants, 32% said they had an older sexual partner back when they were children or adolescents.
  5. The average age for the younger party was nine years and the average age for the partner was nineteen.
  6. Most of the older partners were men.
  7. Of all participants who had sexual experiences in childhood or adolescence with an older partner, only 29% considered the experience abusive.
  8. 57% said the experience was pleasant.
  9. 29% say they feel indifferent about the sexual contact that took place in their younger years…
  10. Only 14% say they did not like the experience at the time it occurred.
  11. Transgenders had such experiences more often and had a higher positive response rate than cisgenders.
  12. Precocious subjects did not necessarily develop life-threatening sexual behavior.
  13. It is important to hear the child or adolescent about his or her judgment of the experience rather than assuming that what happened was abuse.
  14. People whose gender (mental and social) doesn’t match what is expected for their sex (biological) may have different perceptions of such experiences.
  15. Not all adult-child sexual relationships are violent.
  16. A good definition of child sexual abuse needs to define what can be considered sexual, at what age one can be considered a child, and what the age difference between participants must be to qualify age disproportion.
  17. It is also important to consider the effect of the participants’ gender in the appraisal of the experience.
  18. A distinction must be made between children’s sexual experience and adolescents’ sexual experience.
  19. A distinction needs to be made between the sexual experience of the child or adolescent from different nations in order to assess whether or not local laws and customs influence how the experience is judged by the child or adolescent.
  20. Finally, it is necessary to know from the child’s or adolescent’s point of view whether he or she considers the occurrence to be a negative experience or not.
  21. Finding out the prevalence of precocious sexual relationships is a very difficult task.
  22. If there is no closed definition of child sexual abuse, comparing results from different studies on the subject will be difficult or even impossible.
  23. Contrary to popular belief, boys can also suffer child sexual abuse.
  24. Most studies on early sexual experiences are conducted in Europe and the United States… which may hinder the generalization of these data…
  25. To alleviate this problem, the study authors decided to analyze data obtained in Brazil.
  26. For the sake of safe data, the study defines “early sexual experience with an older partner” as that which occurs between a person aged thirteen or younger and another at least four years older (for example, between a child of eleven and a teenager of fifteen).
  27. A homosexual boy may look for an older partner because the risk of being discriminated or laughed at is lower.
  28. The study defines “child sexual abuse” as an early sexual experience with an older partner, provided that such experience has caused emotional or physical discomfort.
  29. Study participants were recruited between 2005 and 2006.
  30. To qualify for the study, the subject had to be at least fourteen years old (Brazilian age of consent) at the time of the interview.
  31. Most early sexual experiences with older partners occurred with people outside the family.
  32. Among the experiences that take place within the family, most experiences occur among cousins.
  33. Very few participants have had such experiences with older girls or women.
  34. Such experiences involve games of “show”, intimate caress, masturbation, oral sex or anal sex.
  35. Anal occurred more often among transgenders than among cisgenders, in a ratio of 86% (transgender) to 51% (cisgender).
  36. Only a quarter of participants report being forced during the sexual experience.
  37. Less than a fifth say they have been threatened.
  38. Only one in ten participants reported experiencing physical pain during the experience.
  39. In total, 66% of reported experiences did not involve use of force or presence of pain.
  40. Less than one third of participants considered their early experience an abuse.
  41. 55% said they enjoyed the experience, 29% said they were indifferent and 14% said they did not like the experience at the time it occurred.
  42. Of the 114 subjects who said they did not feel bad at the time the experience occurred, only 22 considered the experience to be abuse even though they were not harmed by it.
  43. Interestingly, of the 76 who claim that experience harmed them at the time it occurred, only 41 considered the experience to be abuse.
  44. It follows that it is easier for a child or adolescent to consider his experience abusive if he has suffered from the experience.
  45. In addition, being abused (negative experience) is correlated with life-threatening sexual behavior in adulthood.
  46. 73% of men and 88% of transgender people deny that their experiences were forced.
  47. 80% of men and 86% of transgenders deny being threatened during the experience.
  48. 91% of men and 77% of transgenders deny having felt pain as a result of the experience.
  49. A minority of respondents say the experience was sexual abuse.
  50. It is necessary to distinguish between “abuse” of the child (when the child suffers) and “abuse” of the customs (when the child does not suffer, what was violated was the social norm that forbids these experiences).
  51. Something is not abuse just because the law says so.
  52. If I do not believe the child or adolescent who denies that the experience was violent, why should I believe the child or adolescent who claims that the experience was violent?
  53. People condemn the Brazilian Carnival because it is a time when many indulge in sexual licentiousness, but such licentiousness is not unique to the Carnival.
  54. A boy who attracts attention from an adult can take pride on that.
  55. Sexual discrimination can affect school performance.
  56. It should be remembered that such data were obtained in Campinas and surrounding areas, but data obtained in other parts of Brazil may differ.
  57. Local culture affects the way we view and judge our sexual experiences at a vulnerable age.
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