Analecto

14 de maio de 2019

What I learned by reading “Mission of the Wise.”

Filed under: Não categorizado — Yure @ 09:40

Mission of the Wise” was written by Fichte. Below, what I learned from reading his book.

  1. The truth can be unpleasant.
  2. An intellectual is only needed in society: a knowledge that I use alone, without sharing it with others, makes no difference to humanity, nor to the country, nor to the state, nor to the family.
  3. Philosophy should pursue clear knowledge: the philosopher who strives to be difficult to understand is being an elitist moron.
  4. The first task of philosophy is to tell us what we should do now.
  5. We only know what we are because there are things outside of us with which we compare ourselves.
  6. We need reason and sensitivity, there is no need to eliminate one or the other.
  7. The main task of the human being is self-definition: he must discover what he is, how he should act and act in accordance to his concept as long as he exists.
  8. Fichte illustrates this using a variant of the categorical imperative: act in such a way that you wouldn’t need to change.
  9. In other words, act in a way that wouldn’t bring regret later.
  10. Our goal is to realize our identity.
  11. Everyone has culture to a greater or lesser extent.
  12. The human being is a sensitive and rational animal.
  13. If something brings happiness, it is good, because only good things bring happiness.
  14. Any science or any philosophy that does not contribute to improving culture or improving humanity is void, useless knowledge.
  15. How do I say that my body is me if I am not my body?
  16. Nature acts according to laws, but reason acts with freedom.
  17. When several people want the same thing, these people are, together, a society.
  18. All states are societies, but not all societies are states.
  19. What is the purpose of a government that does not make me happy?
  20. A time will come, when state will no longer be necessary.
  21. The ultimate goal of the human being is unattainable because there is no consensus on its degree.
  22. The light is destined to overcome the darkness.
  23. Every boss is a slave to the employee: if all employees go on strike, the boss will go bankrupt.
  24. When dealing with human beings, you must always take their freedom into account.
  25. It is not possible to make a person wise, virtuous or happy against the will of the person.
  26. If we were all perfect, we would be identical.
  27. The union of all individuals is the ultimate goal to be achieved by mankind.
  28. Each can contribute to the culture of the other.
  29. The wise man can not be wise alone, because wisdom is measured by formative value: if your knowledge isn’t useful to anyone eles, but you, then it’s not wisdom.
  30. Sages are within society.
  31. Where does social inequality come from?
  32. I must develop my skills as much as possible.
  33. As long as I sharpen my skills, I can use them for whatever I want.
  34. The human being has the power to transform nature.
  35. Prohibiting a behavior is ordering the opposite behavior.
  36. The human being is no longer born in nature, but only in society.
  37. If no one had invented the tolls you use today, it would be up to you to invent them.
  38. All human beings have the duty to contribute to humanity, because the accumulated work of previous generations is what the comfort of the present generation is made of.
  39. What you learned in school should be used to improve the society in which you operate.
  40. Depriving society of your contribution is to betray it, because society has kept you alive all this time.
  41. The human being has no right to work for himself alone: his work must always benefit others as well.
  42. Do not be useless.
  43. Working for others is also working for yourself.
  44. Knowing our needs, but not knowing how to deal with them, is a useless and harmful knowledge.
  45. The sciences must progress freely, science should not be censored.
  46. If science does not progress, humanity does not progress either.
  47. Those who put obstacles to science will be called out by history, in the future.
  48. Science is only one of the facets of humanity: humanity must improve in every aspect, not only in the scientific aspect.
  49. The wise only exists for the sake of society and is only useful in society.
  50. You must use your wisdom to improve society.
  51. No sense in doing research if you aren’t going to share the results.
  52. In order to progress, it is necessary to know what has been produced until now.
  53. Every man can learn more, because it’s impossible for men to know everything.
  54. The sage must have the ability to communicate.
  55. When you lie to someone, you are using them as a tool.
  56. It is possible to educate with words, but it is always better to educate by being a role model.
  57. There are people who think that cultural progress is the cause of human corruption.
  58. That “people” is Rousseau, for whom the state of nature was the best state in which humanity lived, without culture, without science.
  59. The problem is that Rousseau only came up with that statement after much study, that is, with use of culture and science.
  60. Thus, an intellectual who says that cultural progress is the cause of corruption, when he himself is only saying such thing because of the cultural progress that operates in him, is always in contradiction with himself.
  61. One frequent criticism of Rousseau is that he says a thing in his books and then does the opposite in his public life: how could a guy who abandoned all of his children achieve the cynical feat of writing a book on education?
  62. There have always been philosophers who advertise those who fund them.
  63. Rousseau only said that the intellectuals are the ruin of the world because the intellectuals of his day were, indeed, pigs.
  64. As a rational animal, a man will always want to live in a state that is better than his current state.
  65. Thus, men would never willingly remain in a state of nature, if they could have something better.
  66. In the state of nature, the human being has plenty of free time and would eventually spend some time reflecting upon his life, damaging the perpetuation of that state.
  67. Many people ruin themselves when they try to have a good life without working for it.
  68. Your reason should be used as a weapon for social change.
  69. Do not let yourself be overcome by despair, fight to the death if necessary.
  70. To complain about something without moving a finger to change the situation is the same as being a whiny weakling.
Older Posts »

%d blogueiros gostam disto: